There is a range of methods of contraception available in Australia if you want to avoid a pregnancy. It is important to choose one that fits your individual needs, keeping in mind that your circumstances may change over time.

The most commonly used methods of contraception include the use of hormones such as in the oral contraceptive pill and minipill; the hormone releasing intrauterine system (IUS) which releases the hormone progesterone; IUDs (Intrauterine device, Loop or Coil); barrier methods such as vaginal diaphragms and cervical caps; the contraceptive 3 month injection; the contraceptive implant, where an implant is inserted under the skin of the inside upper arm; and the vaginal ring, a flexible plastic ring that is conveniently inserted into the vagina on a monthly basis and works in the same way as the oral contraceptive pill. “Natural” family planning is another option and this relies on an intimate understanding of your menstrual cycle.

Sterilisation is a more permanent option. Each type of contraception has its advantages and disadvantages, and it is important to thoroughly discuss these with your health professional. Your health, lifestyle and relationship must also be taken into account.

For more information about specific types of contraception, please refer to patient information documents listed below:

Oral Contraceptive PillOral Contraceptive Pill (Chinese Translation)Contraceptive 3 Month InjectionHormone Releasing Intrauterine SystemHormone Releasing Intrauterine System (Chinese Translation)The Vaginal RingContraceptive ImplantMinipillIntrauterine Device (IUD)Vaginal DiaphragmsSterilisationVasectomyEmergency Contraception

If you have any questions please either refer to our Reproductive Health FAQs section of this website or contact us.